DEFINITIONS FOR POINTS ON THE PINK REVIEW SHEET

1. Colonial America

+ Colonial Family Life in America- People married at a young age. Women reared 8 children on average. Family was the economic and social center of the colonies. Colonial life provided a higher standard of living than in Europe.
+ Rights of Women- Women took care of the children and household tasks. They had very little legal and political rights even though they worked alongside their husbands in their shops or on plantations, etc.
+ Indentured Servitude- People could have their passage to America paid for IF they worked for someone for at least seven years. At the end of their servitude, they were freed and given land.
+ Origins of African Slavery- Europe traded goods with African tribes in return for slaves. These slaves were sent to the new world to work on plantations. This was part of the triangle trade.
+ The Great Awakening- A religious revival in the new world that united colonies. Major leaders were John Edwards and George Whitfield.

2. The American Revolution

+ Causes of the Revolution- Intolerable acts, stamp act, quartering act, tea act, Townshend acts, etc. No taxation without representation. Boston massacre and Boston tea party. European Enlightenment.
+ The Declaration of Independence- A document that stated America's independence from Britain. It was officially signed on July 4th, 1776.
+ The French Alliance- America and France allied because of their opposition to Britain. France helped the U.S. win revolutionary war.
+ The Articles of Confederation- Preceded the U.S. Constitution that limited the power of the federal government. The AoC failed.

3. The Constitution and the New Republic

+ Key Characteristics of the Constitution- Representation, trade, power and election of the president
+ Federalists Vs. Anti-federalists- Federalists wanted a strong central government while anti-federalists did not.
+ The development of American Political Parties- Political parties originated from factions- groups who would congregate when voting and dissolve afterward. Federalists took this one step further by creating established organizations of people who had the same political platforms.
+ The Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions- Both resolutions supported nullification of federal laws in response to the alien and sedition acts.

4. The Age of Jefferson and Madison

+ The Louisiana Purchase- Jefferson bought the Louisiana territory from France and opened the west to exploration.
+ War of 1812 (causes)- Embargo act, impressment of sailors by Britain and France, U.S. wanted free seas.

5. Nationalism and Economic Expansion

+ Missouri Compromise- Banned slavery above the 36 60 line except in Missouri. This kept free states and slave states in balance.
+ Monroe Doctrine- Western Hemisphere was not to be further colonized by Europe but they could maintain their current colonies.
+ American System- Protective tariff on imported goods, national bank and internal improvements.
+ Interchangeable parts/ beginnings of factory system- Lowell factories. Parts that were made for several different practical purposes.

6. The Age of Jackson

+ The Common Man- Jackson advocated for the common man, or the middle class people who were average Americans.
+ Nullification Crisis- States tried to nullify a federal tariff. Federal government said states could not nullify federal laws.

7. Territorial Expansion and A Growing America

+ Sectional conflicts over free and slave states- tensions rose between the north and the south over slavery in the west.
+ The Annexation of Texas- U.S. annexed Texas while it was still part of Mexico. This started the Mexican war.
+ Abolitionism/ "The Liberator"- Abolitionism- the idea of getting rid of slavery. "The Liberator" was a paper that advocated abolitionism.

8. Reconstruction

+ Radical Reconstruction- Congress put south under control of U.S. army and made it hard for southern states to be readmitted back into the union.
+ Black Codes- A set of laws to limit African American rights.
+ Jim Crow Laws- mandated racial segregation "separate but equal"
+ Sharecropping- a landowner gave their land to tenants in return for a share of the crops

9. Urban Society

+ Asian Exclusion- U.S. limited Asian immigration with the Asian Exclusion Act of 1924.
+ Slums, Urban Reforms and Sanitation- Cities were reformed to be cleaner and more sanitary. They became easier to live in.
+ Labor Movement- Workers held strikes and protests to improve working conditions, hours and wages.

10. Foreign Policy

+ The Roosevelt Corollary- Extension of Monroe Doctrine. U.S. could intervene in economic affairs of Central America
+ Panama Canal- U.S. Wanted control of Panama Canal to control trade and central America but it was made a neutral zone.

11. The First World War

+ War Boards- Committees that influenced public view of the war, how much people ate and bought, etc.
+ Committee of Public Information- Influenced America view of participation in WWI so that it was supported. "Creel Committee"
+ Civil Liberties- Congress took away many rights (such as freedom of the press) to prevent people speaking ill of U.S involvement in WWI.
+ Wilson's Fourteen Points- Wilson organized a set of points for reorganizing Europe after WWI. One important point was the League of Nations
+ Treaty of Versailles- A peace treaty that ended WWI.
+ Senate Ratification Fight- A fight that ended in the Senate not ratifying the 14 points.

12. The Roaring Twenties

+ F. Scott Fitzgerald- Author of "The Great Gatsby" and part of "The Lost Generation"
+ Harlem Renaissance- Flowering of African American Intellectual life. "New Negro Movement"

13. The Depression

+ The Depression Economy- The economy failed due to over speculation, over production, etc. Unemployment rates soared.
+ Bonus March- WWI veterans marched on the capital to get the payment they deserved.
+ The New Deal- A social/economic reform program by FDR to revitalize U.S. economy.

14. World War II

+ Japanese Internment- U.S. contained Japanese Americans because they were afraid they were spies for Japan, America's enemy.

15. The Cold War

+ The Marshall Plan- U.S. Gave money to Europe after WWII to help them fix their countries and economies.
+ The Truman Doctrine- Containment. U.S. had to contain the spread of communism.
+ Containment- Preventing the spread of communism
+ NATO- A treaty of North Atlantic countries to create an alliance.
+ McCarthyism- Detaining communists and smoking them out. Joe McCarthy detained many "communists". He went after the U.S. military, which caused his downfall.
+ Cuban Missile Crisis- Soviet Union had nuclear weapons, pointed at U.S. from Cuba. It caused widespread panic in the United States
+ Vietnam War- U.S. gave help to South Korea to prevent North Korea (communists) from taking over.

16. Kennedy and Johnson

+ Civil Rights Movement- African Americans fought for their rights. Civil Rights Act of 1964. African Americans succeeded.
+. Dr. Martin Luther King- Leader of Civil Rights movement. Nonviolent protest and civil disobedience.
+ The Great Society- Johnson's plan to eradicate poverty.


QUESTIONS FOR EACH LETTER
II. B.
The Declaration of Independence was based on the ideas of the
  1. Enlightenment
  2. Romantic Era
  3. Renaissance
  4. Age of Exploration
Correct Answer Number: 1

III. A.
The authors of the United States Constitution believed that the voice of the people should be heard frequently. Which part of the Government was instituted to respond most directly to the will of the people?


  1. Senate
  2. House of Representatives
  3. Supreme Court
  4. Presidency
Correct Answer Number: 2


III. B.


The Federalist Papers were a series of newspaper articles published in 1787 and 1788 to win support for the
  1. right of the colonies to rebel against Great Britain
  2. right of a state to secede from the Union
  3. ratification of the United States Constitution
  4. construction of an interstate canal system
Correct Answer Number: 3


III. C.
I couldn't really find much for this one...

III. D.
The Virginia (Madison) and Kentucky (Jefferson) Resolutions:

Thomas Jefferson and James Madison both stressed the compact theory in their resolutions to the Alien and Sedition Acts. What is the compact theory?

a. The federal government should hold the power to control all final decisions.
b. The thirteen states should be compacted into one.
c. The federal government does not exist and there are only state governments in place.
d. The federal government should act only as a union between states which will the power to make final decisions.
e. An extreme anti-federalist view involving the complete overthrow of the federalist government.

answer is d.

IV. A.
Thomas Jefferson's chief reason for purchasing Louisiana was to
a. challenge Hamilton's loose interpretation of the Constitution
b. challenge Napoleon's bid for world empire
c. give the US control of the Mississippi River
d. provide a rationale for the Lewis and Clark Expedition
e. strengthen the Republican party in the trans-Mississippi West

Answer: C

IV. B.
All of the following contributed to the US descision to go to war in 1812 EXCEPT
a. the election of war hawks to congress in 1810
b. a desire to acquire parts of canada
c. british impressment of american seamen
d. efforts to protect the land of native americans
e. american sympathy with grance against britain

Answer: D

V. A.
couldn't find one within like 2 minutes of looking, too tired to worry about it.

V. B.
Which of the following statements accurately describes the Monroe Doctrine?
a. it caused an immediate change in the US rold in world affairs
b. it asserted the US right to send troops into the countries of Latin America to provide political stability
c. it declared US opposition to European intervention in the affairs of independent countries of the Western Hemisphere
d. it was fully supported by the british gov't.
e. it established the US claim to being a world power.

Answer: C

V. C.
Henry Clay's idea of an American SYstem included all of the following EXCEPT
a. protective tariffs
b. internal improvements
c. state banks
d. increased trade between all sections of the country
e. federal funds for a national transportation system

Answer: C

VI. A.
can't find stuff...

VI. B.
An important effect of the tariff of abominations of 1828 was
a. increased prices for cotton overseas
b. SC adoption of the theory of nullification
c. the election of a democratic president, andrew jackson
d. an alliance of northeastern workers and western farmers
e. the growth of manufacturing in the south

answer: B

VII. A.
Which of the following is LEAST useful in arguing that territorial expansion was motivated by a desire to spread slavery?
a. william walker's campaign in nicaragua
b. the ostend manifesto
c. the slogan "fifty-four fourty or fight"
d. the annexation of TX
e. opposition to the wilmot proviso

Answer: C

VII. B.
The main reason for the US delay in annexing Texas was the
a. controversy over the boundary of Texas and Mexico
b. opposition of Great Britain and Grance
c. independent spirit of the settlers in Texas
d. oppostion in congress to adding slave states
e. opposition of the Mexican gov't.

Answer: D

VII. C.
Prez Lincoln was reluctant to emancipate the slaves in the first yr of the Civil War because
a. he feared that freeing the slaves would bring england and france into the war
b. congress was opposed to emancipation
c. he knew that a proclamation about slavery would only further alienate the south
d. he feared that emancipation would drive the border states out of the union
e. he had always been opposed to the abolitionists in his party

answer: D

VIII. A.
Congressional reconstruction ended in 1877 because
a. it was part of a compromise to resolve the disputed election of 1876
b. african americans in the south no longer needed federal protection of their civil rights
c. the supreme court ignored the requirements of the 14th amendment
d. the newly elected president was a moderate republican
e. the union army had succeeded in supressing the KKK

answer: A

VIII. B.
By the end of reconstruction, most blacks in the south
a. had migrated to lands in the west
b. owned small family farms
c. earned wages as factory workers in the new industries
d. worked on farms as renters and sharecroppers
e. operated independent business in the black community

answer: D

In 1865, a number of southern states passed black codes in order to
a. control movement and provide a stable workforce for the plantations
b. keep the 2 races segregated in public places
c. limit the education opportunities of recently freed slaves
d. embarrass prez johnson's administration
e. convnice the north that the south could handle its own problems

answer: A


okay, so im about to fall asleep on the keyboard. i couldnt get the last one on the page, IX. Urban Society. It had to do with immigration and asian exculsion. also slums, urban reforms, sanitiaion stuff. labor movements. etc. i hope what i've put up will work. night. oh, and i have the first part of the page all copied and stuff with answers. okay goodnight. or goodmorning, since youll read this in the morning.