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- Maddy Pomilla
- Rachel Grenis

- Cassidy Masengale
- Jenae Jones
- Andrew Garrison

Chapter 23:
Political -
1. Roosevelt: leader of progressive wing republican party
2. Warren Harding appointed Charles Evan Hughes as Secretary of State
3. Presidency of Calvin Coolidge: broke Boston police strike
4. Kellogg Briand Pact
5. Fordney McCumber Tariff

Economical -
1. republicans did not preach laissez - faire economics
2. Harding improved reduction of income tax
3. Icreased duty on foreign manufactured goods by 25%
4. income for both middle and working class increased drastically
5. Middle East recognized as a major oil source and potential wealth

Geographical -
1. UNIA brought from Harlem to Jamaica
2. Gas stations began to emerge around the country in 1923
3. Harlem became famous for African Americans during the Harlem Renaissance

Social -
1. Pardoned Socialist leader Eugene Debs and releasing him from federal prison
2. Harding established the Bureau of Budget
3. General Harry M. Daugherty accepted bribes
4. The U.S. Military influence was reduced.
5. Economic impact by the U.S. on their neighbors increased.

Chapter 23:
D - Divorce of married couples
E - emotions expressed by jazz music
P - Peaceful resolution negotiated by Dwight Marrow to Mexico in 1927
R - rights of women
E - Eugene O'Neill
S - Scopes trial
S - standard living improved significantly
I - investments doubled between 1919 and 1929
O - opposed to prohibition: Roman Catholic Alfred E Smith
N - No more Moonshine

Chapter 31:
1903: Wright brothers fly the first airplane - precedent for Lindenbergh
1919: 18th Amendment (prohibition) - bootleg and speakeasies
1921: Sacco-Vanzetti Trial - made people angry
1927: Lindbergh flies the Atlantic solo - 1st ever
1927: first talking motion pictures - better technology

Chapter 24:
Political -
1. Child labor restrictions
2. Darby Lumber Co. vs. US
3. Last major reform of the New Deal
4. The Harding Scandals
5. Washington Conference limits

Economical -
1. Social security tax
2. reduced customer spending
3. deficit spending
4. New deal relief ( WPA & CCC)
5. new deal established a minimum wage

Geographical -
1. Dust bowl period
2. Farmers mined crops in the great plains
3. Indian Reorganization
4. Gas engine tractor improved agriculture
5. "Hoovervilles" were springing up around the country

Social -
1. Women sought work
2. % of total labor incrreased
3. African Americans faced racial discrimination
4. 'Last Hired, first fired'
5. Unemployed rate for African Americans became higher than the national average

Mneumonics: (the word is depression again.)
Chapter 24:
D - dust bowl farmers
E - Esch-Cummins Transportation Act
P - Politician in a Wheelchair (FDR)
R - reduced customer spending
E - Established reconstruction finance corporation (RFC)
S - steinbeck wrote grapes of wrath
S - social security tax
I - invasion of Manchuria by Japan
O - oil scandal
N - Norris-La Guardia Anti-Injuction Act

Chapter 32:
1919: American Legion founded - helped wartime veterans connect
1922: Fordney-McCumber Tariff Law - precedent for self-suffiency
1923: Teapot Dome Scandal - precedent for destroyed reputations
1928: Kellogg-Briand Pact - precedent for anger
1929: Stack-market crash - precedent for regulation

Chapter 33:
1932: Roosevelt defeats Hoover for presidency - precedent for more happiness
1933: Beer and Wine Revenue Act - precedent for 21st Amendment
1933: 21st Amendment - precedent for drinking laws
1935: Wagner Act - precedent for very large unions
1935: Social Security Act - precedent for conflict


Chapter 25:
Political -
1. Roosevelt and Churchill met in Casablanca and decided to invade Sicily
2. Roosevelt, Churchill, and Stalin met and decided to liberate France
3. Death of President Roosevelt
4. London Conference
5. Adolf Hitler starts War II in 1939

Economical -
1. National debt = $250 billion
2. Costed $320 billion dollars
3. Federal spending increased 1000% in 6 years
4. Women stepped in to help out with economy
5. ending cash-and cary requirments

Geographical -
1. Germany = divided into occupation zones
2. Soviets controlled half of Sakhalin and Kurtile islands
3. France was liberated
4. Japan attacks Pearl Harbor
5. Internal Migration in the U.S.; cities grew

Social -
1. 3,000 dead in WWI
2. 800,000 wounded
3. Manpower and Womanpower
4. Segregation in the Military
5. four freedoms

Chapter 25:
D - Death of President Roosevelt.
I - Invade Sicily (Churchill and Roosevelt).
P - Poland is invaded by Hitler-starts War II
L - Liberate France in spring of 1944.
O- Open door policy was defied by Japan
M - Munich Conference
A - Atlantic Charter
C - Churchill and Roosevelt and Stalin meet.
Y - Yalta = big 3 agree.

Chapter 34:
1933: United States recoginzed the Soviet Union- this showed that the United States did recognize a communist country. Plus we were the only ones who wanted to recoginze them.
1934: Tydings McDuffe Act- this gave Phillipeanes thier freedom in future years, it showed how Roosevelt wanted to let go of some our power previously established by his distant cousin Theodore.
1935: Mussolini invades Ethiopia- this was important because it was the first example of the start of take over by the Axis power. No one did anything to help Ethiopia which proved the UN failed as a orginzation. Ethiopia eventually fell thanks to no help from anyone
1939: Hitler invades Poland-this marked the beginging of WW2 and Poland was eventually taken over. This would be the first of many countries, including France, to be taken over by Hitler and Germany.
1941: Pearl Harbor bombing- this was by the Japanese forces after we put an embargo on Japanese oil. We enetered the war after this and fueled our revenge attack of the bombings of Japan, which would end the war.

Chapter 35:
1941: United States declares war on Japan. This was after the bombing of Pearl Harbor.
1942: Japanese Americans sent to interment camps- this was out of fear that the Japanese Americans could help Japan to destroy us again. All Japanese Americas,even if only thier ancestors were Japanese were sent to these camps. It was for the good of the country.
1943: Race riots- one of the more violent outbursts due to racial tensions. 25 black people were killed and nine white people were as well
1944 - D-Day: extreamly risky mission by the Allies. Troops of the Allies stormed the beaches of France and succeded in invaded France. A major turn in the war for the Allied Forces, though many Allied lives were lost
1945: Hiroshima bombings-to end the war the United States dropped two atom bombs on the cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. It destroyed the cities and thousands died, it also spread waves of radiation through out the areas. Japan surrendered soon after, the war was ov


Chapter 26:
Political -
1. Smith Act of 1940.
2. McCarran Internal Security Act (1950).
3. The second red scare (1947).
4. Dennis et al VS. United States.
5. Marshall Plan ended any real threat of communist political succcesses in that region

Economical -
1. U.S. economic aid to help the nations of Eurorpe revive their economies
2. Europe was deep in debt

Geographical -
1. Soviet Union
2. Europe
3. United States
4. Soviet- controlled eastern zone
5. Berlin

Social -
1. Hiss case.
2. Rosenberg case.
3. form alliances with non-communist countries around the world
4. Marshall Plan helped western Europe achieve self- sustained growth

Chapter 26:

S - Smith Act of 1940.
E - Espionage cases.
C - Centralized Department of Defense
O - Occupation zones in Germany
D - Dennis et al VS. United States

S - Soviet Union collapsed in 1991
C - Central Intelligence Agency
A - Army-McCarthy hearings.
R - Rise of Joseph McCarthy.
E - Election of 1948

Chapter 36:
1944: Servicemen's Readjustment Act (GI Bill)- powerful support to those returing home from war.
1947: Taft-Hartly Act- outlawed closed shop, states can pass "right to work" laws, outlawed secondary boycotts, gave president power to invoke a 80 day cool down period before a strike endangering national security could be called.
1948: Truman defeats Dewey for presidency- Truman, the "man w/o a change", beat the democratic nominee Thomas Dewey (the expected winner), in the 1948 election.
1947: Marshall Plan-ended any real threat of Communist political success in that region
1950-1953: Korean War-stopped Communist aggression without allowing the conflict to become a world war

Chapter 27:
Political -
1. Brown v. Board-Court ruled that segregation of schools would end with "all deliberate speed".
2. Election of 1952 - Eisenhower won 55% of popular vote
3. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare were created
4. Election of 1956 - Eisenhower won again
5. Hungarian revolt ended the first thaw in the Cold War

Economical -
1. Eisenhower balanced national budget.
2. New marketing techniques and standardized products turned "mom and pop" stores to franchise operations.
3. Inflation rate averaged a negligible 1.5%
4. Introduction of suburban shopping centers and credit cards.
5. "Mom and Pop" 's became franchise operations.

Geographical -
1. Disney Land constructed in 1955
2. African Americans were still by law segragated from whites in schools and most public facilities in the South.
3. The Interstate Highway system created jobs and accelerated the growth of suburbs.
4. Communism in Cuba
5. Middle East- oil was shaping up to be a critical foreign policy issue

Social -
1. The babyboom put women in the homemaking women role.
2. Women we dissatisfied with always being home and when they got older, returned to jobs.
3. Advertisement through radio, television, newspapers, and magazines.
4. Elvis Presley, rock and roll, LP record albums, paper back books.
5. Corporate America dress code for men: dark suit, white shirt, conservative tie.

Chapter 27:
E - Elvis Presley became popular.
I - Inflation rate averaged 1.5%
S - Suit, white shirt, and conservative tie = corporate dress code for men.
E - Eisenhower retailed by cutting off U.S. trade with Cuba
N - National budget balanced by President Eisenhower.
H - "Homemaking" women role.
O - Organization Man (1956)
W - Women were dissatisfied with always being home with babies.
E - Eisenhower authorized the CIA to train anticommunist Cuba exciles to retake their island
R - Rock and Roll music.

Chapter 37:
1952: Esenhower defeats Stevenson for presidency-Eisenhower becomes our next president
1954: Brown v. Board of Education-ended segregated schools
1955: Warsaw Pact signed-help kick start the Cold War
1954: First McDonald's hamburger stand opens.
1955: Montgomery bus boycott by blacks begins; emergence of MLK Jr.

Chapter 28:
Political -
1. May 1968 = peace talks.
2. Lyndon Johnson withdraws.
3. Democratic Convention in Chicago.
4. Return of Richard Nixon.
5. Tonkin Gulf Resolution.

Economical -

Geographical -
1. More than 16,000 troops in South Vietnam.
2. March on Washington-1963
3. March on Montgomery-1965
4. Murder in Memphis-1968
5. Jailing of Martin Luther King Jr. in Birmingham Jail

Social -
1. People were calling Vietnam an "Illegal War" because it wasn't declared by congress.
2. "Support, not combat" by the 16,000 troops in South Vietnam in 1963.
3. Hawks VS. Doves (Hawks - support; Doves - oppose).
4. 16,000 Americans dead in 1967.
5. Robert Kenndedy assassinated.

Chapter 28:

V - Vietnam war sparks controversy between 'hawks' and 'doves'.
I - "Illegal War"
E - Election of 1960
T - Tonkin Gulf Resolution
N - Nixon lost to Kennedy in the 1960 election
A - American troops in Vietnam = 485,000
M - Missle launching sites in Cuba

W - Women's Movement
A - Assasination of kennedy in Dallas
R - Robert Kennedy killed.

Chapter 38:
1962: Cuban Missle Crisis.
1963: Civil rights march in Washington, D.C.
1964: Twenty-fouth Amendment (abolishing poll tax in federal elections) ratified.
1965: Race riots- these riots which were racially tense were commonly bloody and violent.
1968: Martin Luther King Jr. killed- his death was a great blow to the Civil Rights movement. They civil rights movement was now without a influencal leader and thier fight still hadn't been completly won yet.
1969: Astronaunts land on the moon- this marked the end to the Space Race and the U.S. were the proud first people on the moon.

Chapter 29:
Political -
1. Native American Movement.
2. Clean Water Act.
3. American Indian Movement.
4. Indian Self Determination Act of 1975.
5. Watergate Investigation

Economical -
1. embargo caused a worldwide oil shortage
2. Ford's concern- bringing inflation under control
3. consumers switched from big American-made to fuel-efficent Japanese cars
4. 55 mph speed limit to save gasoline
5. Republicans had managed to stop all the Democrat's proposal for health care reform

Geographical -
1. Before WWII Hispanic Americans = south western states.
2. Native Americans encouraged to leave reservations and go to Urban America.
3. Clinton did well in the south recaptured the majority of the elderly & blue collar workers from the Republicans

Social -
1. 12 million illegal immigrants by mid 70's.
2. Penalized employers who hired illegal immigrants.
3. amnesty to illegal immigrants arriving by 1982.
4. Asian Americans faced discrimination, envy, and Japan bashing.
5. fuel-efficent Japanese cars

Chapter 29:
M - Minority right demands
I - Illegal immigrants = 1 million by mid 70's.
N - Nixon's realistic foreign policy
O - oil embargo
R - Resignation of Richard Nixon
I - Indian Self Determination Act of 1975.
T - Transition of American society
I - Investigating the CIA
E - Eisenhower encouraged Native Americas to leave reservations and go to Urban America = UNSUCCESSFUL.
S - Southwestern states = home of Hispanic Americans before WWII.

Chapter 39:
1.1970: Kent State and Jackson State incidents
2.1971: Pentagon Papers-turned the American public against the Vietnam War
3.1972: Nixon visits China and the Soviet Union

Chapter 30:
Political -
1. George W. Bush elected in 2000
2. Ronald Reagan was elected president in 1980.
3. Regan was reelected in 1984.
4. Homeland Security
5. 27th Amendment prohibited members of Congress from raising their own salaries.

Economical -
1. Republican tax cuts.
2. Recession of 2001.
3. Corporate Corruption.
4. foreign oil
5. raised taxes

Geographical -
1. War in Afghanistan.
2. al Queda group wanted dead or alive.
3. Bin Laden wanted dead or alive.
4. Suddam Hussein invaded oil- rich Kuwait
5. Invasion of Panama

Social -
1. Education reform.
2. 3,000 dead in September 11th attacks.
3. Citizens believe war in Iraq was justified with "faulty intelligence".

Chapter 30:
R - Recession of 2001.
E - Education reform.
P - Prosperity & Partisanship
U - U.S.- Soviet relations improved
B - Bush won congressional approval for a military campaign to roll back Iraq's act of aggression
L - Lebanan was invaded by Isreal
I - Iraq War.
C - Corporate corruption.
A - Afghanistan War.
N - "No Child Left Behind".

Chapters 40, 41, & 42:

Chapter 40:

Chapter 41:

1. 1993: NAFTA signed-more trading between Canada, U.S. and Mexico
2. 2001: Terrorists attack New York and Washington, D.C. on Sept. 11-prompted the U.S. to go to war in Afghanistan
3. 1998: House of Representatives impeaches Clinton-first president impeached since President Johnson
4. 2002: Congress passes USA Patriot Act-Citizens feared extinction of civil liberties
5. 2004: George W. Bush defeats John Kerry for presidency-Bush remains president of the United States until 2009

Chapter 42: